Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809. In his future, he would become the 16th president of the United States. His tenure as president would be through difficult years for this country of America. Lincoln had to work on a country greatly divided. Many southern states were succeeding from this union, mostly over the issue of slavery.
Lincoln would be best known for this time. That great Civil War became reality during his presidency. Abraham Lincoln remarked about the Declaration of Independence, and Constitution when he stated, “all men are created equal.” He believed a country with slavery was hypocritical. Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in January of 1863.
The president would be assassinated at the Ford’s Theater in Washington D.C on April 14, 1863. The Civil war would be over six days later when general Robert E. Lee surrendered his troops. (We saw the theater.)
The Lincoln Memorial was built in his honor. Construction began on February 12, 1914. The marble structure has 36 columns around the building representing the thirty-six states at the time of his death. The union would hold!
On one wall is engraved Lincoln’s 1863 Gettysburg Address. He gave this short speech later that year of the Gettysburg battle. Lincoln’s second inaugural address is engraved on the opposite wall.
Nearby, another memorial is located. This one is the Jefferson Memorial honoring the third president of the United States, Thomas Jefferson. (1743-1826) This monument is made to look like Jefferson’s home, Monticello. The structure is 129 feet high, with Jefferson’s statue standing in the center at nineteen feet high.
Thomas Jefferson was a well learned man. We actually observed many of his original books earlier at the Library of Congress. Of course, they were on protected shelves. The subject matter he read amazed me! The Library of Congress was founded in 1800. The architecture is mind-boggling!